The Eureka, Nevada Historical Society designated a number of sites in
the town and surrounding area to be included in a self guiding tour.
Please scroll down this page to see photos and descriptions of these
Eureka is not a ghost town. These sites are privately owned and most
are still in use. Please do not trespass on or in any land or building
that is not open for business. Please treat all sites with respect.
This tour is undertaken at your own risk. Some old buildings are
unsafe. No attempt has been made to change Eureka. It is absolutely
authentic as it stands. To change this town would be to destroy a very
rare and wonderful piece of Nevada's heritage. We would like to keep
Eureka just as it is, and with your help, we can. Note the numbers on
the buildings and sites correspond to the following historical
descriptions. Current ownership and occupancy changes without notice,
so inquire locally for details.
Mining is still a strong industry in Eureka. The Barrick Ruby Hill Mine
is in operation adjacent to the town on the west.
Pages about Eureka Today and Yesterday
Links to other
sites of interest:
Many of the historic buildings can be
seen in this photo from the 1800s.
Eureka Main Street facing north in the 1950s.
Two older views of the town of Eureka
This building was built in 1879 to replace the Eureka Sentinel Newspaper
office after one of the town fires destroyed all but the fireproof
portion of the newspaper office. After the fire the building remained
so intensely hot that wet blankets were thrown over the backs of the
printers so that they could get the next edition of the newspaper out on
schedule. The Eureka Sentinel Newspaper published its first newspaper
in 1870 and continued publication here until 1960. The museum houses
the original equipment and presses of the Eureka Sentinel Newspaper
which are located in the back room. Many of the posters on the walls
date back to the 1880s. The museum also displays original mining
equipment and ledgers, military uniforms, a reconstructed 1880s
barbershop, and exhibits depicting life in the early days of Eureka.
View on the right is from the 1950s when it was still the newspaper
This building was erected in 1880 by the Italian Benevolent Society who
held meetings here. By 1890 and into the 1930s the building was
vacant. In the 1940s the Colonnade was again open for business as a
Today it is vacant and being restored.
This house was built by Reinhold Sadler, a well-known businessman,
contract teamster and rancher who was Nevada Governor from 1896-1902.
Mr. Sadler owned and operated a general merchandise store on main street
next to the present day Louie's Lounge. Mr. Sadler had a tunnel built
from the basement of his home to his place of business so that he didn't
have to go out into the weather while going to work. Now a private
Eureka High School This building was completed in March, 1924 and
financed by a school tax raising $3000. The building housed the 1-12
grade students until a new school was built on Vandal Way in 1969.
Elementary students continued to attend school here until 1995 when a
new grade school was built. View on the right is the school when
it was new. Demolished in 2012 by order of the Eureka Co. School
Nob Hill School, Eureka, 1800s
Destroyed by an earthquake after being open only a short time.
(building on right in photo is St. Brendan's Church)
First high school graduating class in Eureka,
Graduating class of 1914
Eureka Fire Department
and Fire Museum This was the site of the Eureka
County Shop building for over 40 years, the same old shop building
then housed The Eureka Volunteer Fire Department for more than a
decade. The modern fire building was constructed in 2009 and holds
fire and rescue apparatus that provided the local fire department
with facilities to house expanded structure, wild-land, and
crash/rescue capabilities. The fire building design features large
glass panels in all doors to provide taxpayers 'transparency in
government' by displaying fire / rescue equipment they have
Stone and Brick Building This building has a "Castorlube Motor Oil"
sign painted on the north side. This building was originally a two
story structure that was built in 1879 by an Italian company under the
management of Celso Tolli. It served as a saloon. It was in Tolli's
saloon that approximately 500 Italian carbonari (charcoal burners)
formed the Eureka Coalburners Protective Association in July, 1879.
Because many of the Italian charcoal burners did not speak English, they
were often cheated in the sale of charcoal to the refineries. After
forming their association, the desperate burners stopped the supply of
charcoal, asking for a two cent increase to a total of 30 cents a
bushel. Several teamsters were threatened, the refineries threatened to
shut down and burners were arrested, but little charcoal was loaded. An
ugly confrontation occurred on August 19, 1879, at Fish Creek when
striking charcoal burners and a local posse exchanged words, then gun
shots. Six burners were killed and ten more were wounded. The
coroner's inquest excused the posse as acting "in the line of duty."
The charcoal burners realized that the companies had won and they had no
choice but to go back to work. The companies then lowered the price of
charcoal to 26 cents a bushel.
See The Fish Creek War.
Tognini and Company Building
This building was built in 1877 by Tognini and Company. The
Swiss-Italian Company consisted of Joseph Tognini, Ferdinando Bonetti,
and Gabiriel Zonali. The Eureka Billiard Hall Saloon was operated
here. Like many other companies in Eureka a t the time, Tognini and
Company was one of the largest companies involved in charcoal
production. The building attached to the north was built in 1924 by
John Biale. The front bricks are the same as those used in the
construction of the school. Other portions contain bricks salvaged from
the Pinto Mill that was located several miles southeast of town. This
building is also the site of the first business establishment in Eureka
known as the Pioneer Restaurant which consisted only of a canvas tent.
The star plates and rods on the sides of the building hold the walls
together. The sign "Trupak Palora Peaches, a distinct new variety," was
painted on the wall around 1930.
Two Jewish dry goods merchants erected this stone building in 1874.
Cesare Rossetti acquired the building in 1874 and still owned it in 1886
when books were sold in the main floor and lodgings could be had
upstairs. If you look at the back of the building, you can still see
the original blocks formed from local volcanic rock. For many years it
was operated as a bar with a dance hall in the back.
A two story frame building stood here in the 1880s. The original
building housed a dry goods or clothing store downstairs and the San
Francisco Lodging House upstairs. Around 1880 William Zadow moved his
butcher shop from a building next to the Eureka Opera House to this
location. He operated the butcher shop for over twenty years. In 1941
the hotel was known as the Lincoln Hotel. In 1969 the hotel was the
site of an unsolved local murder. After that it was sold and became the
Alpine Lodge and later the Lucky Stiff Bar. It was condemned in
1996 and for many years stood empty.
New owners acquired the building and are
attempting to remove the unsound portions of the structure.
Progress has been stopped by a new state law requiring commercial
property to be demolished by licensed contractors. Interestingly
enough, the private property was being demolished by the owners, it has
not been open as a commercial structure for 18 or so years and there is
no zoning in Eureka county to designate it as commercial...
This establishment was really two buildings. In 1873, the northern half
of the building was erected. It was built from local quarried volcanic
tuff. The constructor, William H Clark, ran a general merchandise and
hardware store downstairs and upstairs provided offices for doctors,
dentists, and lawyers. A Nevada legislator and attorney, Thomas Wren
had offices here. In 1907 the building was converted to the Zadow Hotel
and the southern portion of the building erected. When the Lincoln
Highway (now Highway 50) opened in 1915-16, the price of a hotel room
was $2.50 a day under the American Plan. In 1920 Ed Herrera acquired
the property and changed the name to the Eureka Hotel. Pete Laborde,
former owner of the Nevada Club, owned this hotel in the 1930s. Around
1942 the Eureka Cafe began serving American and Chinese food and
continues to do so today.
Photos of the underground tunnels below the Eureka Cafe.
Left is the access from Monroe Street. These tunnels were used for
storage in the early days.
building was also built of local volcanic tuff. It was built prior to
1873 by Solomon Ashim and his brother. In the 1930s and early 1940s it
served as a county restaurant. It has been a bar and restaurant.
|#11 Eureka County
The Nevada legislature created Eureka County in 1873. Officials
renovated a former ice rink donated by Judge John O'Darrow to serve as
the first county courthouse. A fortified jail and fireproof vault were
added to the 40-by-100-foot wooden building located at the intersection
of Main and Bateman Streets.
After fire destroyed hundreds of
buildings in the town of Eureka in 1879, officials became concerned
about their wooden courthouse and accepted plans from George C.
Costerisan for a more formidable structure. The county hired R. Ryland
to construct the courthouse. He withdrew from the project shortly after
the completion of the exterior, at which point Costerisan finished the
interior. J.S. Whitton supervised the construction, and McNally and
Hawkins of San Francisco provided the heating and plumbing.
Construction of this two-story brick structure began in 1879 and was
completed in 1880. The building was added to the already existing
jail which remained in use through the 1980s. Construction of the
courthouse cost $38,000. It was designed in a modest Italianate,
turn-of-the-century style, but additional expenses for a vault and other
fixtures brought the price to $50,000. The brick two-story structure
measures 50-by-80-feet and stands fifty-one feet high. A second-floor
balcony supported by brackets rests over the main entrance. Exterior
accents include brick pilasters that rise to a metal-bracketed cornice,
and a parapet wall with detailed brickwork. The large iron
shutters adjacent to the windows and doors of the courthouse (and other
buildings of the town) protected the windows from fires and other
Interior details consist of an imported Spanish cedar judge's bench and
balustrade and gilded accents throughout. The second-floor
courtroom is recognized as the best preserved in Nevada. It measures
forty-five square feet with a nineteen-foot high ceiling of pressed
metal. A suspended gallery at the rear provides seating for one hundred.
The semi-circular witness box placed in front of the judge's bench is
distinctive because of its shape and its unusual location. When it was
completed, it was the finest courthouse in the state of Nevada outside
Virginia City. The building is one of two nineteenth-century
Nevada courthouses still in use today; the other is the one located in
The two large bells in front of
the courthouse were rung as fire alarms by two of Eureka's several
volunteer fire companies. One was cast in Cincinnati, Ohio, and the
other in San Francisco. Each bell was identified by its tone.
Court house in the early 1950s. Building on the
left was a fire house at that time.
This red brick building with iron columns was built in 1880 and used
as a wholesale liquor store. During the 1890s it was a stationery store
and post office. The Farmers and Merchants Bank was located here in the
1930s. The Farmers and Merchants Bank was one of the few banks in the
country that did not close down during the Bank Holiday of the 1930s.
Later in the 1930s the bank moved down and across the street to the
Eureka Senior Center
The older portion of this building was erected in the summer of
1880. The iron doors and columns were cast by the local Eureka Foundry
Company. It has housed many businesses over the years including a
grocery store, variety store, and mortuary. The new extension to the
building occupies the area where the two story Turner House/Bureau Hotel
once stood in the 1870s and early 1880s.
On this site stood a hotel and boarding house that was owned and
operated by the Rebaleati Family until it burned down in the early
1900s. The current building was built prior to 1917. From about 1917
to 1941, the site was the Ford Dealership and Garage. Mr. Rebaleati
sold and serviced Model Ts and Model As. The dirt floor was finally
upgraded in the early 1930s. The southern portion of the building was
built around 1945 to house generators that provided the first
electricity to the town of Eureka. Electricity was produced in this
building for the town from 1945-1972. The building in this picture has been demolished,
but the property still remains in the Rebaleati family.
San Francisco Brewery
This building was the San Francisco Brewery in the mid-1870s. Beer
was bottled in the back and there was a saloon in the front portion.
The original wood structure burned down in the fire of August, 1880.
Later that year a brick structure was built on the site by H. Mau and
Company. After 1900 Frank Brossemer purchased the building and ran a
saloon in front and bottled soda pop in the back.
The Eureka Post Office was located here from
1941 until it moved to the present location in 1982.
Eureka Post Office
This building was built after the August 17, 1880 fire which started
in the store next door. The Eureka Market, a butcher shop, was here in
the 1880s. If you step inside you can see the old pressed tin ceiling
with floral and bird designs. Remodeled in 1982 into a post office.
#17 Eureka Opera House
Eureka, Nevada is proud to have one of the best two restored and usable
opera houses in the state. The other is Piper’s Opera House in Virginia
City. The Eureka Opera House, built in 1880 when the population of the
town was about 3,000, has always served as a gathering place. Eureka’s
Opera House, today, is a full service convention center and Cultural
Arts Center. The building is used for conventions, meetings, and
community functions as well as cultural presentations. It is open to the
public for tours year-around. It has meeting, kitchen, and catering
capacity to accommodate over 300 people.
The Eureka Opera House was built on the ashes of the old Odd Fellows
Hall, which was destroyed by the great main street fire of August 1879.
The Opera House was used for the first time for the New Year’s Eve
Costume Ball in 1880. The November 11, 1880 Eureka Daily Sentinel
newspaper stated, "The building is, according to the plan of work now
being carried on, to be thoroughly fire-proof, built with masonry
(volcanic tuff) walls, brick and iron front, and slate roof. From the
basement to dome the new theatre will be furnished as none of the class
have ever been in Eureka. Its arrangement is pronounced to be
first-class, for ventilation, for heat, for means of egress in case of
fire, and in fact for a "thousand and one" reasons it is bound to be a
beneficial and permanent monument to the memory of those who have
erected, and who will so soon elegantly furnish the same for the
edification of our people."
Eureka was on the main tour circuit for opera and theater performances
and many famous personalities performed here during the town’s hey-day.
The opera house served as a community auditorium showing anything of
interest including boxing, speeches, plays, graduations, and dances
including annual Nob Hill Fire Company Masquerade Ball held every year
from 1880 until well into the 1900s. The first silent movie was shown
there in 1915 and then in the 1920s the opera house was changed into the
Eureka Theatre and “talkie” movies were presented.
In December 1923, a fire caused by a misplaced lantern destroyed the
oleo stage curtain that was originally hand-painted in Italy. The
curtain was replaced in 1924 with a new one painted in Minneapolis,
featuring advertisements for local businesses from 1924. The 1924 oleo
curtain still hangs at the front of the stage.
The last movie was shown in 1958 and the building fell into disrepair.
In 1990, Eureka County acquired the structure and began a three-year
restoration. The Opera House reopened on October 5, 1993. The Building
received the 1994 National Preservation Honor Award.
Other historic elements such as the original projectors from the early
days of the silent movies, the first "talkies" projector, and a
carbon-arc spotlight are on display. Historic graffiti has been
preserved back stage from the early days and the tradition has been
continued with signatures of the people who have performed at the Eureka
Opera House since it was reopened.
The Opera House maintains a monthly schedule of cultural events as well
as local events. Make them an excuse to visit and explore historic
Eureka, the best-preserved historical mining town in Nevada.
Eureka Opera House Oleo Curtain and player signatures.
Opera house in the 1950s, before restoration.
This brick building was built in 1877 as the famous Jackson House.
The building was gutted in the 1880 fire, but was rebuilt and operated
until the 1890s. It was advertised as the only fire-proof hotel in
Nevada. In 1907 it became the Brown Hotel and operated under that name
for many years. In 1981 it was restored as a historical building and
once again called the Jackson House. It operates as a bar, restaurant
and hotel when open.
Ryland Building (private residence)
This is the second building to occupy this spot. The first was
destroyed by the August, 1880 fire. The building has been used as
offices, apartments and a restaurant. It has been restored and is now a
Rudolph Zadow driving the butcher wagon for
People’s Market, taken June 8, 1907, on Bateman Street in front of the
Ryland Building in Eureka.
Crew Car 29
This crew car is the only piece of rolling stock in Eureka County
left from the Eureka & Palisade Railroad. The once thriving railroad
began in 1875 when Eureka businessmen formed a railroad company and sold
stock to wealthy San Francisco bankers who made their fortune from the
Comstock mines in Virginia City. The narrow gauge railroad was built to
haul refined ore from the Eureka smelters and several other mining
camps, some eighty miles to Palisade, where it connected with the main
line of the transcontinental Central Pacific Railroad. This crew car
was used as sleeping quarters for the men working on the rail line.
The first train of the Eureka & Palisade
Railroad arrived in October 1875. The railroad was revived in 1912 and
ran until 1938. When construction of the Eureka & Palisade Railroad
began in 1874, Palisade became the headquarters for the railroad where
it met the Central Pacific Railroad. By 1878, 31 million pounds of ore
had been shipped through Palisade. Once the Eureka-Nevada railroad
folded in 1938, only a handful of people were left in Palisade and after
its post office finally closed in 1961, it became a ghost town.
This was the site of
Eureka's first adobe house built by Abe Bateman. In 1879 M. D. Foley
and Richard Rickard built this brick structure which was originally a
two-story building. The cost when completed was approximately $28,000.
The Remington, Johnson and Company hardware store was located in the
northern portion of the present building in the 1880s and 1890s. A book
store and stationery store, saloon, assay office, and wells Fargo
Express Office used other portions of the first floor during this
period. The upstairs was the Masonic and Odd Fellow's Hall. During the
1920s groceries were sold in the old Remington Store. The original iron
columns remain today. The second story of the building was demolished
in 1983 after earthquake damage.
This is the site of one of Eureka's first banks, the Paxton and
Company Bank. The original building was destroyed in the fire of 1879
and the only thing left standing was the bank vault. A new bank was
built around the vault. The bank issued its own currency with its name
on the bills. Around 1890, a Western Union Telegraph Office was added
to the bank. By the year 1941, a store occupied this building and in
later years it was operated as the Gold Bar. For a period of time it
was a gift shop called the Tommyknocker.
It is now open as a gallery and gift shop.
Stone Building with iron shutters.
The original building on this site was built in the late 1870s and
operated as a hardware business until the fires of 1879. The present
building was completed in September of 1879. At that time, it became a
clothing store. In the early 1900s the Mau Brothers purchased the
building and sold clothing, shoes, books, and stationery out of the it.
The building is now the Eureka Mercantile, a clothing store.
The Raine Building
This building was the City Brewery and Soda Works, which supplied
the first beer in Eureka. It has been a barber shop, the Bank Club Bar,
and from about 1945 into the 1960s, it was Bays Fountain. The building
was a movie theater in the 1970s and a ceramic and gift shop called the
"Hanging Tree" into the 21st century. It is currently occupied by
Owl Club Bar and Steakhouse
Originally this establishment was a two-story structure. The C. P.
Brewery was downstairs and the Palace Saloon upstairs. A one story
structure was built after the 1880 fire. This building has been used as
a bar and cafe for many years. It has now been consolidated with the
Nevada Club buildings described below. The Carrion family
purchased the Owl Club Bar & Steakhouse from Harland Hiles in 1981.
|#26 Nevada Club
The southern portion of this establishment was originally called the
Tiger Saloon. It gained notoriety on separate occasions. Gunfights in
the saloon resulted in the death of two men. The original frame
structure was destroyed in fire in March, 1880. After the March, 1880
fire, the saloon was rebuilt as a two story frame structure in only 13
days. No sooner had the new saloon been rebuilt, when it was consumed
again by the August, 1880 fire. The northern portion of the building was
constructed in 1880 or1881 by Joseph Tognini & Company. The saloon and
dance hall continued to operate into the 1890s. The building was again
destroyed around the turn of the century. In 1930, the present two
story concrete and brick structure was rebuilt. During the 1940s and
50s, Pete Laborde ran the Nevada Club. Jim and Lorraine Dotson
bought the property from Laborde. In 2001, the Carrion family
bought the property and incorporated
it with #25, the Owl Club.
|#27 Raine's Market
There are actually two historical buildings used as Raine's Market.
The southern portion of the building was known as the Bishop and
Chamblin building after its owners who completed the brick structure in
June 1880. The earlier frame structure occupied by F. J. Schneider's
drugstore and Spiro Gregovich's restaurant burned on March 16, 1880, but
the new brick building survived the August 1880 fire. F. J. Schneider's
Drugstore moved back in the new building and remained there into the
1910s. Another portion of the building has been used as Brown, Tassel
and Company shoe and boot store in 1880, a saloon in 1886, and an assay
office in 1890. In about 1929 the building became Kitchen Brothers'
Market. It was sold by the Kitchen estate and became Raine's Market in
The northern section was built in 1879 by
W. J. Smith and Company as a saloon. This building also survived the
fire of 1879. After the fire it was opened as the San Francisco
Clothing Store by H. Kayser in the spring of 1880 after the Tognoni
building burned earlier in March. And it survived the August 1880 fire.
Wholesale liquor was sold in this portion of Raine's Market in 1886 by
W. J. Tonkin. It was also a warehouse, a saloon, a men's clothing
store, and a notions store. From the 1940s to 1978 it was the Eureka
Drug and Fountain containing a restaurant and soda fountain and later a
The original pressed tin ceiling can still be seen in this portion of
the building. It was combined with Raine's Market in 1979.
Nevada State Bank
This was the original site of the first livery stable in Eureka,
established by Ham and Hunter in the early 1870s. A stone building was
built here later, but prior to 1873. Housed in it was what was
advertised in 1878 as "The Corner! The Largest and Finest Saloon in the
State." Charles Lautenschlager bought the building in 1879 and promptly
tore it down. He had just completed a new building when it was burned
down in the fire of April, 1879. He erected the present store building
in October of the same year. A saloon operated in the front and the Old
Corner Chop House was in the rear. Around 1912, the building housed the
Lani and Repetto Saloon and Eureka Brewery. In the late 1930s, the
Farmers and Merchants Bank, founded by Edna Howard Covert Plummer in
July, 1920, was moved to this location. (Edna C. Plummer held the
distinction of being the first woman in the nation to found a national
bank. She was also the first woman district Attorney in the nation
serving in that office in Eureka County in 1918.) The Farmers and Merchants Bank was
the only bank in Nevada to stay open during the Bank Holiday of 1933.
Banks were ordered not to re-open after the closing of a certain
business day. The Farmers and Merchants Bank simply stayed open 24
hours a day until the holiday ended. Later this bank became the First
National Bank of Nevada, in 1981, the First Interstate Bank of Nevada,
in 1996, Wells Fargo Bank, and today Nevada State Bank.
First National Bank and Eureka Drug in the 1950s.
The American Exchange Building stood on this corner before the fire
of August, 1880 when it was destroyed. Inside the building were offices
and stores. After the fire, the owner of the property, James Whitton,
built the present brick building. Over the next few years, it contained
a dry good store, jewelry store, barber shop, bath house, tailor shop
and tinsmith shop. In 1907, a portion of the building was used as the
Eureka Post Office and the rest of the building was vacant. James
Whitton also had a fireproof cellar built under the building. The
Masonic Lodge received its charter in 1872 had its first meetings in the
office of Judge J. P. Adams. The Lodge met and shared the building as a
meeting place with the Odd Fellows. Later the Odd Fellows membership
fell so low that they sold the building to the Masons for $1.00. Today
it is under renovation. When the Masons and Eastern Star organizations
still met here it was believed to be the only underground temple in use
in the United States.
This establishment is a combination of two original buildings. The
southern part was Brown and Godfrey's Oyster Saloon, Chop House and
confectionery. It was open 24 hours a day and was the only candy maker
in town. During the remodeling of this building in 1994, innumerable
oyster shells were found. The northern half of the building was the
Knights of Pythias Lodge, a fraternal and benevolent society founded in
1864. The adjoining buildings now provide a bar and restaurant when
This building has been owned by the same family since the 1870s. It
was originally a two-story building but, after the two fires, it was
reduced to one story. It began as the Stone Saloon with a boarding
house upstairs. In 1903, it became the Eureka Cash Store. In 1946, Al
Biale took over from his father and started Al's Hardware. Al Biale
operated the hardware business until his retirement. Al's son Arthur
continued the business and also eventually retired. Al's daughter and
son-in-law continued in the same tradition. The business is now closed,
but the building remains in the Biale family.
This native stone building was several things, most notably a
warehouse. Notice the excellent stone work. The blocks were cut to fit
together using a mortar made from local clay. The front portion has since fallen
down and only the back wall remains.
This two-story brick building was known as the Skillman House. It
was the home of Archibald Skillman, founder and publisher of the Eureka
Sentinel Newspaper in 1870. Skillman sold the newspaper in 1944, but
the property remained in the Skillman family for many years.
The Parsonage House
This house known as the Parsonage House was originally built in
186. There have been two major renovations to this house over the past
100 years of its existence. The latest renovation was completed in 1986
and it has served as a bed and breakfast.
Old Methodist Church
Now a private residence.
The first two Methodist Churches were destroyed by two of Eureka's
famous fires. The present structure was dedicated in 1881. A newspaper
article on the building states that it had a library, vestibule, and
small sleeping area for visiting clergy. The insides were said to be
richly arrayed with red fern carpeting, stain glass windows, and seating
for 250 people. During the 1920s revivals were held in the church. In
1982, it was only a shell when it was purchased and remodeled by private
individuals. It is now a bed and breakfast.
|#36 Saint James Episcopal
is Eureka's first permanent Church, built in 1872, one year after the
cornerstone was laid. It was built to accommodate the miners who had
come from England. Regular services were held from 1893 until the
church was closed in 1907. The building is made of hand-cut local
volcanic stone and survived the disastrous fires of the 1880s. Today
church services are again held here on a regular basis.
Five cemeteries are located on
the west side of Eureka in Grave Yard Flat, or as it was known in the
1880s, Death Valley. The cemeteries can be reached by driving west past
the courthouse up Ruby Hill Avenue. the first one on the south side of
the avenue is the Catholic,
next, the Masonic.
Across the road to the north are the
County and City Cemeteries and further north, nestled in the
piñon/juniper trees, is the I. O. O F. Cemetery.
In the 1870s and 80s, the County Cemetery
was privately owned by C. W. Schwamb, an undertaker who had an office
above the Sentinel Office. It is adjacent to the City
Just a few of the fascinating headstones and grave
sites in Eureka Cemeteries.
Click on photos for larger views.
also had Chinese and Jewish Cemeteries, but there is very little
remaining of those grave sites. Most of the cemeteries are still being
used today. Please show respect for those that have passed on and do
not disturb any of the headstones or gravesites.
|#41 Zadow and Morrison
House (private residence)
This Victorian style house was built
around 1886 by James Wilson. Later it was owned by William Zadow, the
owner of a butcher shop on main street and later the Zadow Hotel where
the Eureka Cafe is today. Around 1910, it was purchased by Dan
Morrison. The Morrison Family owned it until the 1970s. In 1976, under
new ownership, it was renovated as a private home. Many homes of this
type were burned in the fires that swept through town, although three of
the same design remain along the crest of the hill.
In 2009, the Zunino family opened a bed and breakfast in
Saint Brendan's Catholic Church
This still-active Catholic Church was erected in 1874 to replace the
original wood structure built in 1871 by Father D. Monteverde. The
present stone structure was built for a cost of $5000 from volcanic rock
that came from the Chandler Quarry above the west side of town.
Eureka's first two-story brick school was
located on the south side of the church. It was built in 1879, but was
torn down in the late 1930s. It had be vacated in the early 1920s due
to structural damage.
|#43 Mary Wattle's Home
Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Isles-Wattles was born on April 21, 1845 in
Stratton, England. At the age of five, she sailed to America with her
parents. As a young woman, she married Luther Wattles in Illinois. In
1903 the family came to Nevada. They purchased a ranch of 1800 acres
with range rights in Nye County, between Eureka and Tonopah. They
successfully operated these holdings for 30 years, then sold the
property, and moved to Eureka. In 1920, they took possession of 320
acres in Italian Creek, 4 miles northeast of Eureka. It is believed
that this brick home was built prior to 1883 by Claude Ford, owner of
the Eureka Livestock Company. In 1927, Mrs. Wattles purchased the
seven-room brick dwelling. Ten years later, she bought an eight room
home in Los Angeles, California where she spent several of her winters.
At the time of her death in March, 1952, Mrs. Wattles was 106 years old
and the oldest living Nevada Resident. After five generation of family
ownership, this property changed hands in 1995.
Note from Theodore Ardans August, 2012
I hope someday to meet you. I have only heard of your town thru my
father and I sadly was never taken there as a child. My father is
Pete Ardans, son of Leon Ardans and Marie Ardans (nee Harriet) who
are both long deceased. My father Pete is still alive living in
Arizona, where I grew up. My work has taken me to Bellingham
Washington, where I am now.
My father and I speak on the phone regularly, and he still tells me
things that I had not heard before. Even when he speaks of things he
has told me before, I listen for new details. Your town has a
tremendous history, and I assume you know.
Today he brought up Mrs. Wattle. We had been talking about Lincoln,
and the assassination, and my father said that he knew a woman that
had known John Wilkes Booth as a child. She was my father's neighbor
in Eureka, she died at 106 when Pete was fourteen. He often could
hear Mrs. Wattle calling for her daughter Belle, who would be
working in the garden. Mrs. Wattle had been a few yrs younger than
John Wilkes Booth, but she shared that with my father that she had
been in the same neighborhood in the east, after she had come from
My father's teenage job in Eureka was to deliver groceries and work
in a store . My father worked for the store
[now Raine's Market] in the 1950s.
His brother is Rene, and sister Rose.
I hope that you would consider this bit about Mrs. Wattle for your
piece on the web, and I will print your page and mail it to my
father so he can see the great work you are doing.
This church was organized and built in 1873. At the turn of the
century, the Presbyterian congregation had dwindled and the Methodist
Church occupied the building. Later it again served the Presbyterian
Church. At the present time it is owned by the Diamond Valley Baptist
Church and is called the Eureka Bible Church. The bell from the church
is now on the south side of the Sentinel Museum building.
This brick building was built in 1882 as the Ottawa Hotel to replace
an earlier frame structure. For many years, into the twenty-first
century, it served as a grocery
and general store.
Eureka Mining District
From 1869-1879 Eureka was a major producer of lead in the United
States. Sixteen smelters refined the ores of the mining district. At
one time 2 to 3 thousand tons of rich gold, silver, lead and iron or a
day were smelted from the Eureka mines. Total production exceeded $135
million. The smoke was so heavy at times, that the black clouds floated
over town, leaving soot and dirt everywhere and poisoning the air. The
name "Pittsburgh of the West" grew out of this somber aspect of early
Eureka. Ditches were dug and pipes laid up the hill to deliver the
smoke high in the air where it could be blown away by the wind. The
Eureka area was once wooded. The trees within 50 miles of town were
stripped over the years to make charcoal to power the smelters. Many
early immigrants, notably Italians, made a living by gathering wood and
burning charcoal for Eureka's smelters. By 1885 most of the easily
accessible ore had been mined and the Eureka Consolidated and the
Richmond Consolidated smelters ceased operation by 1891.
#46 Slag Heap
This black pile on the south end of the town is the site of the Richmond
Consolidated Smelter. Small portions of the smelter, slag heaps, and
the ditch for the smoke stack can still be seen on the east side of
Highway 50. The first furnace on this site was built in 1871 to process
ore from the Richmond Mine. Later that year, the furnace and mine were
purchased by the Richmond Consolidated Mining Company and two other
furnaces were built along with three hydrocycle or water jacket
hydrocycle furnaces to replace the old smelter operation. In 1890, the
Richmond Smelter stopped operations and around the turn of the century
Tannehill Log Cabin This log cabin is believed to have been the
first house built in Eureka around 1865. In later years it served as
Eureka's first store. It is built of massive pine logs from the pinion
pine trees that then grew at higher elevations around Eureka. The
ceiling is composed of smaller pinion and juniper logs. It has been
modified slightly since its original construction.
Eureka County was crossed by the historic
Pony Express route.
Eureka overview in the 1970s
Photos on this page courtesy of Lee
Raine © 2007-2014.
and white photos on this page courtesy of Connie Hicks.